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Full text of "Statutes and rules for the British Museum : made by the Trustees in pursuance of the Act of Incorporation 26 George II, Cap. 22, ss. xv, 12th December 1908"

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Natural History Museum Library 

HcJc lU- niuf 







In Pursuance of the Act of Incorporation 
26 George II., Cap. 22, § xv. 

12th December, 1908. 







Meetings, Functions, and Privileges of the Trustees 


The Director and Principal Librarian 

Duties as Secretary and Accounting Officer 
The Director of the Natural History Departments 


Keepers and Assistant-Keepers 
Superintendent of the Reading Room 
Assistants ...... 

Chief Messengers . 

Attendance of Officers at Meetings, etc, 


Admission to the British Museum : 
Reading Room .... 
Use of the Collections 




Security of the Museum : 

Precautions against Fire, etc. . . . . .23 


Succession of Trustees and Officers . . . .27 
Succession of Officers in Departments . . . ' • ■ 37 




Of the Meetings, Functions^ and Privileges 
of the Trustees. 

1. General Meetings of the Trustees shall chap. i. 
be held four times in the year ; on the second Meetings. 
Saturday in May and December at the 
Museum (Bloomsbury) and on the fourth 
Saturday in February and July at the Museum 
(Natural History). 

2. Special General Meetings shall be sum- 
moned by the Director and Principal Librarian 
(hereinafter called the Director), upon receiving 
notice in writing to that effect signed by two 

3. There shall be a Standing Committee, standing 

• • r t-i • • m Committee, 

consisting of the three Principal Irustees, the 
Trustee appointed by the Crown, and sixteen 
other Trustees to be annually appointed at the 
General Meeting held on the second Saturday 
in May. 

4. Vacancies in the Standing Committee 
shall be from time to time filled up at a 
General Meeting. 


chap. i. 5. Ordinary business shall be transacted 

Commiuie. by tne Standing Committee, meeting at the 
Museum (Bloomsbury) or the Museum 
(Natural History), three Members at least 
being present. The Committee shall report 
their proceedings to General Meetings held at 
that branch of the British Museum to which 
these refer. 

6. The Standing Committee shall have 
power to affix the Seal of the Corporation to 
documents requiring it. 

7. They shall inquire, as often as they think 
fit, into the conduct of the Officers, Assistants, 
Attendants and Servants of the Museum, and 
give directions accordingly. 

8. They may grant to the Officers leave of 
absence (consistently with the Order in Council 
of 15th August, 1890), provided that such 
absence, unless for special cause, do not 
extend beyond the space of eight weeks in 
the year, and that in the case of the Museum 
(Bloomsbury) two at least of the Keepers of 
departments, having houses within the precincts, 
be always in residence : provided also that the 
Keeper and the Assistant Keeper or Assistant 
Keepers of a department be not absent at the 
same time. 

9. The Standing Committee shall also have 
power to order payment of all pecuniary 
demands upon the Trustees. 


10. All moneys belonging to the Funds chap. i. 
Account of the Trustees shall be kept at the Account. 
Bank of England. 

11. The Standing Committee shall have Sub- 
power to appoint Ordinary and Special Sub- 
Committees. Every Sub-Committee, unless 

for special cause, shall consist of not more than 
nine Trustees, three of whom at least shall be 
Members of the Standing Committee. Two 
Members of a Sub-Committee shall be a 
Quorum, of whom one at least shall be a 
Member of the Standing Committee. 

12. At every General Meeting, as well as at Chair man of 

iv it ' r i o t r> ' Meetings. 

every Meeting or the standing Committee or 
of a Sub-Committee, the Trustee first called to 
the Chair shall, unless for special cause, occupy 
it so long as he is present at the Meeting. 

13. There shall be a general Visitation of Visitations, 
the Museum (Bloomsbury) by the Trustees 

every year on the second Saturday in May, 
and of the Museum (Natural History) on the 
fourth Saturday in July. Other visitations at 
either Museum shall be held on such day or 
days as the Trustees at a General Meeting, or 
the Standing Committee, may appoint. 

14. Any Trustee shall have free access to Privileges, 
every part of the British Museum during 
Museum hours. 




Pirector and 
Librarian. . 

Rules relative to the Director and Principal 
Librarian, and the Director of the 
Natural History Departments. 

1. The Director and all other persons having 
houses within the precincts of the Museum 
(Bloomsbury) shall reside therein, unless leave 
of absence be granted by the Standing Com- 

2. The Director, being, by the Act of In- 
corporation, the person to whom the care and 
custody of the British Museum are chiefly en- 
trusted : — 

(i.) Shall be responsible for the safety 
of the Museums, and of the Property 
and Collections therein. 

(2.) Shall exercise a general super- 
intendence over all the Departments ; 
and shall take care that the Officers, 
Assistants., Attendants and Servants be 
regular in their attendance and perform 
their proper duties ; and shall report 
every omission in this respect to the 
Standing Committee. 

(3.) Shall make such remarks on the 
Reports of the Officers as he may think 
proper for the information of the 

1 1 

(4.) Shall grant admission into the chap. ii. 

B- 1 t\ it r Director anc 

ntish Museum to persons or eminence p,i nc i P ai 

either for learning or rank, especially Llbianan - 

foreigners, desiring to inspect the 

Collections, but not able conveniently 

to avail themselves of the usual mode 

of admission. 

(5.) Shall take care that the British 

Museum be kept open during the 

appointed hours ; and that due order 

and propriety of behaviour be observed 

by all persons, whether visitors or 


(6.) Shall grant admission into the 
Reading Room and other Students' 
Rooms of the several Departments, 
and into the Sculpture Galleries at 
Bloomsbury ; and shall provide that 
such facilities be afforded to the 
Readers and Students as are consistent 
with the security and preservation of 
the Collections. 

(7.) Shall communicate to the Officers 
and others the orders of the Trustees ; 
and shall see that they be duly carried 
into effect. 

(8.) Shall be the Editor of the 
66 Guides " to the Collections ; shall see 
that they be prepared and printed in 
accordance with such directions as may, 
from time to time, be given him by the 

I 2 

Standing Committee ; and shall take 
care that a sufficient supply of copies 
be always ready to meet the public 

(9.) Shall be in attendance when the 
British Museum shall be visited by the 
Sovereign or by any members of the 
Royal Family, or by Royal Personages 
of other countries. 

(10.) The Director shall give securi- 
ties for the due discharge of his office 
to the amount of 10,000/.: that is to 
say, his own bond for 5,000/., and two 
other securities in a joint and several 
bond to the amount of 5,000/. 

3. In case of the death or sickness of the 
Director, the Senior Officer in residence shall 
exercise his functions. 

4. It is the duty of the Director in the 
capacity of Secretary : — 

(1.) To attend all meetings of the 
Trustees ; to take down the minutes of 
their proceedings ; to prepare lists of 
accounts due from the Trustees and 
payable from the Parliamentary Grant, to 
be submitted for approval at each meeting 
of the Standing Committee, and to take 
care that orders for payment are duly 
made upon the Paymaster-General ; to 
conduct the correspondence of the 

CHAP. 11. 

Director and 



l 3 

Director and 

Trustees ; to issue all summonses for chap, ii 
meetings ; to notify to the Principal 
Trustees the vacancies which may occur 
in the establishment ; and also to take 
the chief charge of all records and other 
documents connected with the business 
of the Trust. 

(2.) To make all payments on account 
of the British Museum from the Funds 
Account at the Bank of England ; he is 
therefore empowered to sign Cheques for 
payments from that Account ; and of 
these payments he is to keep an exact 
statement, which shall be laid before the 
Standing Committee at the close of each 
financial year. 

(3.) To examine and check all bills 
sent in by tradespeople, and certify that 
the articles have been ordered under 
proper authority, that the charges are 
duly made, and that the computations 
are accurate. 

(4.) To keep a weekly account of all 
work done for the Trust paid otherwise 
than by fixed monthly or annual 
salaries ; and to certify that such work 
has been duly authorized, and that the 
charges are accurate. 

(5.) To keep an account of all books 
connected with the British Museum 
published by the Trustees, and of the 

T 4 

number of copies delivered and disposed 
of ; and periodically to ascertain that the 
stock in hand corresponds with the 
account, and also to receive the moneys 
due from booksellers and other persons. 

Director of the 5- Subject to the general authority of the 
History Director and Principal Librarian, as prescribed 
Departments. ^ ^ e Act of Parliament, the Director of the 
Natural History Departments shall discharge 
the duties defined in Rule 2, (2)-(o,), and in 
Rule 4, (5), so far as they relate to those 
Departments. He shall attend all meetings of 
the Trustees held at the Natural History 
Museum, and he shall attend all meetings at 
Bloomsbury whenever any business relating to 
the Natural History Departments is to be 
transacted ; and he shall take down the minutes 
of the proceedings of the Trustees at their 
meetings at the Natural History Museum. 

chap. n. 

Director and 



r 5 


Rules relative to the Keepers ; Assistant-Keepers, 
Assistants, Attendants and Servants. 

1. The Subordinate Officers are to assist chap. hi. 
in the care and custody of the Museums ; they officers™** 6 
are strictly enjoined to give immediate notice if 

any article in the Museum be lost or damaged ; 
to be careful that everything within their 
Departments be at all times preserved in good 
and exact order ; that full and accurate 
Catalogues or Lists be made and kept, 
comprising every article under their care ; and 
that the rooms of their Departments be neat 
and clean. 

2. They shall give the whole of their time, 
subject to any regulations which may from 
time to time be made by the Standing Com- 
mittee, to the service of the Museum and the 
discharge of the proper duties of their several 
Departments ; and they shall not be absent 
from the Museum without giving previous 
notice in writing to the Director or to the 
Director of the Natural History Departments^ 
and to the senior Officer of their Departments. 

3. The Keepers or, in their absence, the Keepers and 

• .Assistant" 

Assistant-Keepers, shall make monthly Reports Keepers, 
to the Standing Committee on the progress of 
the business in their Departments, and, within 


chap. in. the first fortnight after Christmas of every 

Ass?st e a nt- nd y ear > ^ De f° re tne Standing Committee 
Keepers. annual Reports as well on the business done 
in their departments as on the nature and 
extent of the Additions made to the Collections 
under their care. 

4. The Keepers of Departments shall see 
that every article bequeathed or presented to 
the Trustees of the British Museum be dis- 
tinguished by marking on it or attaching to 
it the name of the Person bequeathing or 
presenting the same, with the date of its 
reception in the Museum. 

5. The Keepers of Departments shall take 
care that the Assistant-Keepers, Assistants. 
Attendants and Servants be regular in their 
attendance and perform their proper duties, and 
shall report every omission in this respect to the 
Director or to the Director of the Natural 
History Departments. They shall not grant to 
any Assistant, Attendant or Servant leave of 
absence from the Museum for a whole day, 
without first obtaining in that behalf the consent 
of the Director or of the Director of the Natural 
History Departments. 

6. The Keepers and Assistant-Keepers shall, 
if required by the Standing Committee, have 
their usual abode within one mile of the 

7. The Keepers of Departments shall see 
that every article received into their custody 


be duly stamped with the Museum stamp or chap. hi. 
otherwise marked as the property of the British AsSsSnt^ 

Museum. Keepers. 

8. The Keeper of the Printed Books shall 
superintend and enforce the delivery of the 
Books and other publications under the Copy- 
right Act. 

9. The Superintendent of the Reading Room The Superin- 
shall attend in the Reading Room during the Reading 

. , , Room. 

hours when it is open, and on no account 
leave it, unless some other person or persons 
specially appointed by the Director attend in 
his place. 

10. The Superintendent shall keep a 
Register of the names of all persons who are 
duly admitted into the Reading Room ; and 
shall not allow others to enter it. He shall 
keep order in the Room and see that Readers 
be provided with the books and other publica- 
tions which they may require ; and he shall 
take care that they do no damage to them. 

11. The Assistants, being under the Assistants, 
immediate direction of the senior Officer of 

the Department in which they are employed, 
shall not absent themselves from the Museum 
without leave from him first obtained. Every 
Assistant shall keep a Diary, wherein he shall 
daily enter the business on which he is engaged, 
and the hours of his attendance, especially 
recording his absence from the Museum during 
any part of the day. All such Diaries shall 






be inspected and signed at the beginning of 
each month by the senior Officer of the Depart- 
ment and forthwith transmitted by him, with 
such observations as he shall think fit, to 
the Director, or to the Director of the Natural 
History Departments. 

12. The Chief Messenger at each Museum 
shall superintend the Attendants and Servants ; 
he shall keep a daily Register of their 
attendance, and report to the proper Officer 
every instance of negligence or misbehaviour. 
He shall keep an account as well of Letters 
and Parcels received and delivered as of the 
charges on the same, and of such other 
expenses as are usually included in a petty cash 
account. He shall see that no persons be 
improperly admitted into the interior of the 
Museum. He shall be careful that the fires be 
extinguished at the proper time ; and for this 
purpose he shall take care that, immediately 
after the closing of the Museum, all the rooms 
in which fires have been lighted shall be 
visited. He shall also take care that, in the 
evening, the windows and doors be properly 
secured and the Museum left in a state of 
safety. He shall receive the House-keys from 
persons who have the use of them, when they 
leave the Museum ; and shall report to the 
Director, or to the Director of the Natural 
History Departments, any irregularity in this 


13. Every Officer shall be in readiness to chap. hi. 

Officers at 

give attendance, if required, at the Meetings of A 

the Trustees ; and he shall remain within the Meetings of 

the Trustees. 

precincts of the Museum during the time of 
every General Visitation. 

14. No person appointed to any office or other Offices 

1 • 1 t\ /r 1 11 1 i not to k e nel( * 

employment m the Museum shall hold any without 

, rr- • 1 1 • -i permission. 

other office, or engage in other business, with- 
out the permission of the Standing Committee. 

15. In framing these regulations, the Trustees General 

, ... , r , , r Instruction. 

are aware that it is impossible for them to define 
the duty of each Officer with a sufficient degree 
of precision for all possible emergencies ; in 
addition, therefore, to the above rules, it is to 
be considered as a general instruction to the 
several Officers that they conduct themselves as 
becomes men of honour, integrity and liberality, 
in the conscientious discharge of the duties of 
their respective stations, and as men who have 
the credit and utility of the British Museum 
truly at heart. 

c 2 



Concerning A dmission to the British Museum. 


Days and 
Hours of 




1. The Holidays to be observed at the 
British Museum are Christmas Day, Good 
Friday, and every special Fast or Thanks- 
giving Day appointed by authority. 

2. With the exception of certain rooms 
which will be closed on particular days for 
the purpose of the arrangement of the Collec- 
tions, and for the visits of such persons as 
may be admitted, under Rule 9, to examine 
any part of the Collections more minutely than 
can be done on the public days, the Museum 
shall be open every day excepting on the 
holidays above-mentioned. 

3. The hours for viewing the Collections 
shall be such as the Standing Committee may 
from time to time appoint. 

4. Any person desiring to view the Collec- 
tions may be required to inscribe his name and 
place of abode in a book to be kept in the 
Entrance Hall for that purpose. 

5. Visitors are to be decent and orderly in 
their appearance and behaviour ; otherwise the 
Officers are to exclude them or cause them to 

6. The Reading Room of the Museum 
(Bloomsbury) shall be kept open on every 


day of the week except Sunday, and except chap. iv. 
Good Friday, Christmas Day, and any Fast ^^ ng 
or Thanksgiving Day appointed by authority ; 
except also the first four week-days of March 
and September ; from nine in the morning till 
seven in the evening. 

7. Any person desiring to be admitted into 
the Reading Room is to apply in writing to 
•the Director, specifying his profession or 
business, his place of abode, and the purpose 
for which he seeks admission ; his application 
must be accompanied by a written recom- 
mendation satisfactory to the Director, who, 
thereupon, may grant to him admission or 
refer the application to the Trustees at their 
next Meeting. 

8. No person is to write or make any mark 
whatsoever on any book, map, or other docu- 
ment. The permission to use the Reading 
Room will be immediately withdrawn from 
any one infringing this rule. 

9. Persons engaged in works of learning or Special Rules 

. . . . for using the 

in the prosecution of useful designs, desiring to Collections, 
examine any part of the Collections with more 
attention than can be done in the ordinary 
way of viewing the Museums or using the 
Reading Room, are to apply in writing to the 
Director, or to the Director of the Natural 
History Departments, who may grant per- 
mission, or refer the application to the Standing 
Committee at their next Meeting. 


chap. iv. 10. No part of the Collections shall be 
fo^usmfthe 5 C3 - TTlt( ^ out °f tne precincts of the Museums, 
Collections, documents and other articles required to be 
produced in evidence only excepted. In such 
cases -application shall be made to the Standing 
Committee at their next meeting, or, in urgent 
cases, to the Director, or to the Director of 
the Natural History Departments. If the 
application be granted, one of the Keepers or 
Assistant-Keepers, or one of the Assistants, 
shall carry out such document or other article 
and keep it constantly in his custody, allowing 
it to be inspected only in his presence. 

11. Members of the Royal Academy, Artists 
and Students, may be admitted into the 
Museum (Bloomsbury) for the purpose of 
copying sculptures or other objects of art. 
Any person desiring to be admitted into the 
Museum for such purpose or for the purpose 
of study in the Students' Rooms of the several 
Departments, is to apply in writing to the 
Director, specifying his profession or business, 
and his place of abode, and, if not a Member of 
the Royal Academy, accompanying his letter 
with a written recommendation satisfactory to 
the Director, who, thereupon, may grant 
admission, or refer the application to the 
Trustees at their next Meeting. 

12. The rules for the admission of Students 
at the Natural History Museum shall, so far 


as circumstances admit, be the same as those at chap. iv. 
Bloomsbury. f Special R " les 

J for using the 

13. The privilege of admission to the Read- Collectlons - 
ing Room or any Department of the British 
Museum is in all cases granted upon condition 

that it may be at any time suspended by the 
Director, or by the Director of the Natural 
History Departments ; and that it may be at 
any time withdrawn by the Trustees in their 
absolute discretion. 

14. No Attendant or Servant shall, on any No Fee 

^ V " Allowable. 

pretence, take any fee, reward or gratuity from 
persons visiting the Museum or using the 


Concerning the Security of the British Museum. 

1. The Director shall take special care that chap. v. 
the regulations made from time to time by the ^nst^Fire 
Trustees for the warding, patrolling, and general ^^ e t r s 
safeguarding of the British Museum from the 
danger of theft, or fire, or other accidents, be 
strictly enforced. 

2. The Director of the Natural History 
Departments shall likewise see that such regu- 

2 4 


against Fire 
and other 

lations be enforced at the Museum (Natural 

3. In order that the Museum (Bloomsbury) 
may at no time be left without a proper Officer 
responsible for its safety and duly authorized 
to give orders in case of fire or other accidents, 
some one of the resident Keepers shall always 
remain within the precincts of the Museum, 
who, in the absence of the Director, shall be 
responsible for the safety of the Museum, and 
of the Property and Collections therein, and 
shall have authority to give orders in case of 
fire or other accidents. The two Keepers who 
are required to be always in residence (Chap. I., 
§ 8) shall both remain within the precincts 
during the night. The Director shall see that 
these rules be strictly enforced. 

4. At the Museum (Natural History) one 
at least of the resident servants shall always 
remain within the precincts. 

5. Every Subordinate Officer shall pay par- 
ticular attention to the security of his Depart- 
ment ; and shall take care that, at the hours of 
closing, the fires be extinguished or left so as 
not to be dangerous. 

6. Whenever it is necessary to bring port- 
able lights into the Museums they shall be 
carried in lanterns to be specially provided for 
that purpose. 

7. The Director and the Director of the 
Natural History Departments shall take care 


that the fire-extinguishing apparatus at the chap. V. 
two Museums be continually kept in good aga^Fire 
order ; and that the reservoirs be always in a Occidents 
state fit for service. 

8. Printed Regulations for the General 
Security of the British Museum shall from 
time to time be placed in the hands of the 
Resident Officers, the Messengers, the Clerk of 
the Works, and such other persons as the 
Director or the Director of the Natural History 
Departments shall think fit. 

2 7 





Forty-nine ; viz. 24 by Office, 1 by the Appointment of the 
Crown, 9 by Family Appointment, and 15 Elected. 


Three Principal Trustees. 

Names, 1908. 
Randall Thomas Davidson, 

Robert Threshie, Lord Lore- 
burn, G.C.M.G. 
The Right Hon. James 
William Lowther, M.P. 

And Twenty-one others. 

The Lord President of the Council . . Henry Hartley, Viscount 

Wolverhampton, G.C.S.I. 

The First Lord of the Treasury . . . The Right Hon. Herbert 

Henry Asquith, M.P. 

The Lord Privy Seal . . . Robert Offley Ashburton, 

Earl of Crewe, K.G. 

The Archbishop of Canterbury . 

The Lord Chancellor 

The Speaker of the House of Commons 


The First Lord of the Admiralty , 

The Lord Steward . 

The Lord Chamberlain 

The Principal Secretaries of State 

The Bishop of London 

The Chancellor of the Exchequer 

The Lord Chief Justice of England 

The Master of the Rolls . 

The Attorney-General 

The Solicitor-General 

The President of the Royal Society 
The President of the Royal College of 

Physicians ..... 
The President of the Society of Antiquaries 
The President of the Royal Academy . 

Names, 1908. 
The Right Hon. Reginald 

McKenna, M.P. 
William, Earl Beauchamp, 

Charles Robert, Viscount Al- 


,The Right Hon. Herbert John 
Gladstone, M.P. 

The Right Hon. Sir Edward 
Grey, Bart., M.P. 

Robert Offley Ashburton, Earl 
of Crewe, K.G. 

The Right Hon. Richard Bur- 
don Haldane, M.P. 

John, Viscount Morley of 

v'' Blackburn, O.M. 

Arthur Foley Winnington-In- 

The Right Hon. David Lloyd- 
George, M.P. 

Richard Everard, Lord Alver- 
stone, G.C.M.G, 

The Right Hon. Sir Herbert 
Hardy Cozens-Hardy. 

Sir William Snowdon Robson, 

Sir Samuel Thomas Evans, 

Sir Archibald Geikie, K.C.B. 
Sir Richard Douglas Powell, 

Bart., K.C.V.O. 
Charles Hercules Read. 
Sir Edward John Poynter, 




1832 H.R.H. William Frederick, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh, K.G. 

1834 Hugh, Duke of Northumberland, K.G. 

1847 H.R.H. Adolphus Frederick, Duke of Cambridge, K.G. 

1859 The Rev. William Cureton, D.D. 

1864 The Hon. and Very Rev. Gerald Valerian Wellesley, Dean of Windsor. 
1 88 1 H.R.H. Prince Leopold George Duncan Albert, Duke of Albany, 
K.G., K.T. 

1884 The Very Rev. Randall Thomas Davidson, Dean of Windsor (Bishop 
of Rochester, afterwards of Winchester ; Archbishop of Canterbury). 
1903 The Right Hon. Sir Mountstuart Elphinstone Grant Duff, G. C.S.I. 
1906 Reginald Baliol, Viscount Esher (G.C.B.), G.C.V.O. 


Sloane Family, 2. 

1753 Charles, Lord Cadogan. 
Hans Stanley, Esq. 

1779 Charles Sloane, Lord Cadogan (Earl 

Cadogan)* . . . .v. Charles, Lord Cadogan. 

1780 The Right Hon. Welbore Ellis (Lord 

Mendip) v. Hans Stanley. 

1803 Hans Sloane v. Lord Mendip. 

1833 George, Earl Cadogan, C.B. . . v. Charles Sloane, Earl Cado- 

1835 Right Hon. Edward Geoffrey, Lord 

Stanley (Earl of Derby, K.G.) . v. Hans Sloane. 

1864 Henry Charles, Earl Cadogan . . v. George, Earl Cadogan. 

1866 Right Hon. Edward Henry, Lord 

Stanley (Earl of Derby, K.G., v. Edward Geoffrey, Earl of 
G.C.M.G.) .... Derby. 

1873 George Henry, Earl Cadogan (K.G.) . v. Henry Charles, Earl Ca- 

* The vacancy on the death of the first Earl Cadogan in 1807 was not filled until 1833. 


1893 Frederick Arthur, Earl of Derby 
(K.G.), G.C.B 

1908 Edward George Villiers, Earl of Derby, 

Cottoji Family, 

1753 Samuel Burroughs. 

Thomas Hart. 

1757 Philip, Earl of Hardwicke 

1764 Velters Cornewall 

Hon. Charles Yorke. 

1768 John Bos worth, D.D. 

1770 Francis Barrell 

1772 Francis Annesley 

1786 Sir George Cornewall, Bart 

1812 Rev. Arthur Annesley 

1 81 9 George Booth Tyndale 

1845 Rev. Francis Annesley 

1855 George Annesley 

1872 Rev. Francis Hanbury Annesley 

1882 Rev. Sir George Henry Cornewall 

1908 Rev. Henry Arthur Annesley 

v. Edward Henry, Earl of 

v. Frederick Arthur, Earl of 


v. Thomas Hart. 

v. S. Burroughs. 

v. Earl of Hardwicke. 

v. Velters Cornewall. 

v, Hon. Charles Yorke. 

v. Francis Barrell. 

v. J. Bosworth, D.D. 

v. Francis Annesley. 

v. Sir George Cornewall, Bart. 

v. Rev. Arthur Annesley. 

v. George Booth Tyndale. 

v. George Annesley. 

v. Rev. Francis Annesley. 
v. Rev. Sir George Henry 
Cornewall, Bart. 

Harley Family, 2. 

1753 William, Duke of Portland, K.G. 
Edward, Earl of Oxford and Earl 

1755 Edward, Earl of Oxford . 
1764 William Henry, Duke of Portland 

(K.G.) . ... . 
1793 William Henry, Marquess of Titchfield 

(Duke of Portland) 
1 81 3 Right Hon. George Canning 
1829 Lord Henry William Cavendish 

Bentinck . 
Right Hon. George James Welbore 

Agar Ellis (Lord Dover) 

v. Earl of Oxford. 

v. Duke of Portland. 


Earl of Oxford. 
Duke of Portland. 
Right Hon. George Can- 

Duke of Portland, retired. 

3 1 

1834 John Frederick, Earl Cawdor . . v. Lord Dover. 
i860 Charles John, Earl Canning (K.G.), 

G.C.B. . . . . . v. Earl Cawdor. 

1862 George Granville Francis, Earl of 

Ellesmere . . . . v. Earl Canning. 
187 1 Right Hon. Lord Henry Charles George 

Gordon Lennox, M.P. . . . v. Earl of Ellesmere. 
(Right Hon.) George Augustus Frederick v. Lord Henry W. Cavendish 

Cavendish Bentinck, M.P. . . Bentinck. 

1886 Lord Henry Cavendish Bentinck, M.P. v. Right Hon. Lord H. C. G. 

Gordon Lennox. 

1 89 1 William George Cavendish-Bentinck, v. Right Hon. G. A. F. 
M.P. ..... Cavendish Bentinck. 

Towneley Family, 


1805 Edward Townley Standish. 
1807 John Towneley 
1814 Richard Payne Knight 
1825 Peregrine Edward Townley 
1847 Charles Towneley . 
1876 John Towneley 
1878 Thomas, Lord O'Hagan, K.P. 
1885 Montagu Arthur, Earl of Abingdon 

v. E. Townley Standish. 

v. J. Towneley. 

v. R. Payne Knight. 

v. P. E. Townley. 

v. C. Towneley. 

v. J. Towneley. 

v. Thomas, Lord O'Hagan. 

Earls of Elgin, 1. 

1 81 6 Thomas, Earl of Elgin and Kincardine. 

1841 James, Earl of Elgin and Kincardine (K.T., G.C.B.). 

1870 Victor Alexander, Earl of Elgin and Kincardine (K.G.). 

Knight Family, 1. 
1824 Thomas Andrew Knight. 

1838 John Knight v. T. A. Knight. 

1850 Frederic Winn Knight, C.B., M.P. 

(Sir F. W. Knight, K.C.B.) . . v. J. Knight. 
1897 Captain Charles Louis William Morley 

Knight . . . . . v. Sir Frederic Winn Knight. 




[Those marked with an * are Trustees in Office, 1908.] 

( Archibald, Duke of Argyll. 
Hugh, Earl of Northumberland (Duke of 

Northumberland, K.G.). 
Lord Charles Cavendish. 
Hugh, Lord Willoughby of Parham. 
Hon. Philip Yorke, M.P. (Earl of Hardwicke). 
Sir George Lyttelton, Bart., M.P. (Lord 
First Lyttelton). 
Election, ) Sir John Evelyn, Bart. 
1753. William Sloane. 

James West (P.R.S.). 
Nicholas Hardinge. 
Charles Gray. 
Colonel William Sotheby. 
Thomas Birch, D.D. 
John Ward, LL.D. 
1 William Watson (Sir W. Watson, F.R.S.). 

1 761 Right Hon. Arthur Onslow 

Gustavus Brander 

1765 John, Earl of Bute, K.G. . 

James Harris . 

Daniel Wray . . .' 

1766 Charles Lyttelton, Bishop of Carlisle 
Matthew Duane 

1767 Hans Sloane .... 

1768 William, Earl of Bessborough 

1769 Hon. Edwin Sandys (Lord Sandys) 

1772 Richard Kaye, D.D. (Sir R. Kaye 


1773 Henry Cavendish 

1 783 (Right Hon.) Sir William Hamilton, K.B 
■ Sir William Musgrave, Bart. 

1784 Rev. Clayton Mordaunt Cracherode 
Thomas Tyrwhitt 

v. Duke of Argyll. 
v. Nicholas Hardinge. 
v. John Ward. 
v. Sir John Evelyn, Bart. 
v. Lord Willoughby of Par- 

v. Thomas Birch, D.D. 

v. Col. William Sotheby. 

v. William Sloane. 

v. Right Hon. Arthur Onslow. 

v. Bishop of Carlisle. 

v. James West. 

v. Lord Lyttelton. 

v. James Harris. 

v. Charles Gray. 

v. Lord Charles Cavendish. 

v. Daniel Wray. 


1787 Heneage, Earl of Aylesford 
George, Earl of Leicester (Marquess 

John Douglas, D.D. (Bishop of Sal 


Thomas Astle. 

17 9 1 Charles Townley 

George John, Earl Spencer (K.G.) 

1793 Augustus Henry, Duke of Grafton 


Right Hon. Frederick Montagu . 

1797 Right Hon. Lord Frederick Campbell 

1799 Shute Barrington, Bishop of Durham 

1800 John, Marquess of Bute 

1 80 1 Alexander, Earl of Rosslyn 

1802 Philip, Earl of Hardwicke (K.G.) 







Right Hon. Sir William Scott, M.P 

(Lord Stowell) . 
Right Hon. George Rose . 
Alleyne, Lord St. Helens (G.C.H.) 
George, Earl Macartney, K.B. . 
George Granville, Marquess of Stafford 

K.G. (Duke of Sutherland) . 
William Wyndham, Lord Grenville 
Thomas Dampier, Bishop of Ely 
George, Viscount St. Asaph (Earl of 

Ashburnham, K.G.) 
Dudley, Earl of Harrowby 
Sylvester, Lord Glenbervie 
Right Hon. Charles Long (Lor 

Farnborough, G.C.B.) . 
George, Earl of Aberdeen (K.G.), K.T 
John Henry, Duke of Rutland, K.G. 
Henry Bankes .... 
Charles, Lord Colchester . 
Sir George Howland Beaumont, Bart. 
John Jeffrey, Marquess Camden, K.G 

Matthew Duane. 

v. Duke of Northumberland. 

v. Thomas Tyrwhitt. 
v. Gustavus Brander. 
v. Sir William Watson. 
v. Earl of Hardwicke. 

v. Earl of Bute. 
v. Earl of Bessborough. 
v. Lord Sandys. 
v. Rev. C. M. Cracherode. 
v. Sir William Musgrave, 

v. Right Hon. Frederick Mon- 

v. Hans Sloane, appointed a 
Family Trustee. 

v. Sir William Hamilton. 
v. Thomas Astle. 
v. Earl of Rosslyn. 
v. Charles Townley. 

v. Earl Macartney. 
v. Bishop of Salisbury, 
zv Sir Richard Kaye, Bart. 

v. Henry Cavendish. 

v. Duke of Grafton. 

v. Marquess Townshend. 

v. Bishop of Ely. 

v. Earl of Aylesford. 

v. Marquess of Bute. 

v. Lord Frederick Campbell. 

v. Right Hon. George Rose. 

v. Lord Glenbervie. 

v. Bishop of Durham. 



1827 Henry, Marquess of Lansdowne (K.G.) v. Sir George H. Beaumont, 


1829 Alexander Baring, M.P. (Lord Ash- 

burton) ... . v. Lord Colchester. 

1830 Right Hon. Thomas Grenville . . v. Lord Stowell, retired. 
John, Earl of Eldon . . . v. Earl of Ashburnham. 

1833 Right Hon. Sir Robert Peel, Bart. . v. Duke of Sutherland. 

1834 Alexander, Duke of Hamilton (K.G.) . v. Lord Grenville 

Edward, Earl of Derby (K.G.) . . v. Earl Spencer. 

(Right Hon.) Sir Robert Harry Inglis, 

Bart, M.P. . . . v. Earl of Hardwicke. 

William Vesey, Lord Fitzgerald and 

Vesey . . . . v. Henry Bankes. 

1837 Henry Hallam . . . v. Lord St. Helens, retired. 

1838 George, Earl of Carlisle, K.G. . . v. Earl of Eldon. 

William Richard Hamilton . .v. Lord Farnborough. 

1 841 George Granville, Duke of Sutherland, 

K.G. . . . . . v. Marquess Camden. 

1843 Sir John Frederick William Herschel, 

Bart., K.H. . . . . v. Lord Fitzgerald. 

1847 Right Hon. Thomas Babington v. Right Hon. Thomas Gren- 
Macaulay (Lord Macaulay) . . ville. 

William Buckland, Dean of West- 
minster . . . . v. Earl of Carlisle, retired. 

1849 Right Hon. Henry Goulburn . . v. Lord Ashburton. 

Right Hon. Sir David Dundas, M.P. . v. Sir J. F. W. Herschel, 

Bart., retired. 

Spencer Joshua Alwyne, Marquess of 

Northampton . . . v. Earl of Harrowby. 

1 85 1 Sir Philip de Malpas Grey Egerton, 

Bart., M.P. . . . . . v. Sir Robert Peel, Bart. 

Edward Adolphus, Lord Seymour 

(Duke of Somerset, K.G.) . . v. Marquess of Northampton. 

1852 Sir Roderick Impey Murchison (Bart., 

K.C.B.) v. Earl of Derby. 

1853 Henry Hart Milman (Dean of St. Paul's) v. Duke of Hamilton. 

1855 Right Hon. Lord John Russell (Earl v. Right Hon. Sir R. H. 

Russell, K.G.) .... Inglis, Bart. 

1856 Right Hon. William Ewart Gladstone, v. Right Hon. Henry Goul- 

M.P. . . . . burn. 


1857 Right Hon. Sir George Cornewall 

Lewis, Bart, M.P. . . .v. Dean of Westminster. 

Right Hon. Spencer Horatio Walpole, 

M.P. v. Duke of Rutland. 

1858 Charles, Viscount Eversley (G.C.B.) . v. William Richard Hamilton, 


1859 George Grote . . . . v. Henry Hallam. 

1860 Henry, Lord Taunton . . . v. Lord Macaulay. 

1861 Algernon, Duke of Northumberland, 

K.G. . . . . . v. Earl of Aberdeen. 

■ Sir Thomas Phillipps, Bart. . . v. Duke of Sutherland. 

1863 Right Hon. Benjamin Disraeli, M.P. 

(Earl of Beaconsfield, K.G.) . . v. Marquess of Lansdowne. 

1864 (Right Hon.) Robert Lowe (Viscount v. Right Hon. Sir George 

Sherbrooke, G.C.B.) . . . Cornewall Lewis, Bart. 

1865 George Douglas, Duke of Argyll, 

(K.G.), K.T v. Duke of Northumberland. 

1869 Samuel Wilberforce, Bishop of Oxford 

(Bishop of Winchester) . . v. Dean of St. Paul's. 

1 87 1 William, Duke of Devonshire, K.G. . v. Lord Taunton. 
John Dalberg, Lord Acton (K.C.V.O.) v. George Grote. 

1872 John Evelyn, Viscount Ossington . v. Sir R. I. Murchison, Bart. 
Sir William Stirling - Maxwell, Bart. 

(K.T.) v. Sir T. Phillipps, Bart. 

1874 Charles, Earl Somers . . . v. Bishop of Winchester. 

*i876 Thomas, Lord Walsingham . . v. Viscount Ossington. 

1878 Major-General Sir' Henry Creswicke v. Right Hon Sir David 

Rawlinson, K.C.B. (Bart., G.C.B.) . Dundas. 

* (Right Hon.) Sir John Lubbock, Bart., v. Sir William Stirling-Max- 

M.P. (Lord Avebury) . . , well, Bart. 

1879 Right Hon. Alexander James Beresford 

Beresford-Hope, M.P. . . . v. John, Earl Russell. 
1 88 1 His Royal Highness Albert Edward, 

Prince of Wales, K.G. (His Majesty v. Sir Philip de Malpas Grey 

King Edward VII.) . • . Egerton, Bart. 

Richard Monckton, Lord Houghton . v. Earl of Beaconsfield. 

Henry George Liddell, Dean of Christ v. Right Hon. William Ewart 

Church Gladstone, retired. 

*i883 Archibald Philip, Earl of Rosebery 

(K.G., K.T.) . . . v. Duke of Somerset. 

D 2 


883 John Alexander, Marquess of Bath 
1885 Right Hon. (Sir) George Otto Tre- 
velyan (Bart.), M.P. . 
James Ludovic, Earl of Crawford and 
Balcarres (K.T.). 

888 (Right Hon.) Thomas Henry Huxley . 

889 Charles Drury Edward Fortnum 

891 John Evans (Sir John Evans, K.C.B.) . 

893 Right Hon. Sir Charles Synge Chris- 
topher Bowen (Lord Bowen) . 

1894 Right Hon. John Morley (Viscount 
Morley of Blackburn, O.M.) . 

895 Right Hon. Sir William George Gran- 

ville Venables Vernon Harcourt, 

896 Baron Ferdinand James Rothschild, 
M.P. . 

Frederick Du Cane Godman 
898 Arthur Wellesley, Viscount Peel 

1899 Hon. Lionel Walter Rothschild, M.P. 

— — Sir Henry Hoyle Howorth, K.C.I. E., 
M.P. . . . 

1900 Henry George, Duke of Northumber- 

land, K.G. .... 

1 90 1 His Royal Highness George Frederick, 

Duke of Cornwall and York (Prince 

of Wales, K.G.) . 
903 Sir Richard Claverhouse Jebb (O.M.), 

M.P. . 
* 1 905 Harold Arthur Lee, Viscount Dillon , 

'1906 Herb rand Arthur, Duke of Bedford, 


4908 Richard Henn, Lord Collins 
• Samuel Henry Butcher, M.P. . 

v. Earl Somers. 

v. Duke of Devonshire. 

v. Lord Houghton. 

v. Right Hon. A. J. B. Beres- 

v. Viscount Eversley. 
v. Viscount Sherbrooke. 

v. Dean of Christ Church. 

v. Lord Bowen. 

v. Major- General Sir Henry 

Creswicke Rawlinson, 


v. Right Hon. Thomas Henry 

v. Marquess of Bath. 
v. Right Hon. Spencer Horatio 

v. Baron Ferdinand James 

v. Charles Drury Edward 


v. Duke of Argyll. 

v. His Majesty King Edward 
VII., retired. 

v. Lord Acton. 
v. Right Hon. Sir William 
Vernon Harcourt. 

v. Sir Richard Jebb. 

v. Viscount Peel, retired. 

v. Sir John Evans. 



Principal Librarian ; from 1898 Director and Principal 


1756 Gowin Knight, M.D. 

1772 Matthew Maty, M.D. 


G. Knight, deceased. 

1776 Charles Morton, M.D. 


M. Maty, deceased. 

x 799 Joseph Planta. .... 


C. Morton, deceased. 

1827 Henry Ellis (Sir H. Ellis, K.H.). 


J. Planta, deceased. 

1856 Antonio Panizzi (Sir Anthony Panizzi, 



Sir H. Ellis, retired. 

1866 John Winter Jones . 


A. Panizzi, retired. 

1878 Edward Augustus Bond (Sir E. A. 

Bond, K.C.B.) .... 


J. W. Jones, retired. 

1888 Edward Maunde Thompson (Sir E. M. 

Thompson, K.C.B., I.S.O.) . 


E. A. Bond, retired. 


1787 Edward Whitaker Gray, M.D. 

1806 Edward Bray ..... 


E. W. Gray, retired. 

1814 Henry Ellis ..... 


E. Bray, deceased. 

1828 Rev. Josiah Forshall 


H. Ellis, promoted. 

185 1 The duties of this office were united with those of the Principal 

Superintendent, afterwards Director, of the Natural History 


1856 Richard Owen (Sir R. Owen, K.C.B.) {Superintendent). 
1884 William Henry Flower (Sir W. H. 

Flower, K.C.B.) {Director) . v. R. Owen, retired. 

1898 Edwin Ray Lankester (Sir E. R. 

Lankester, K.C.B.) . . .v. Sir W. H. Flower, retired. 


Keepers of Departments. 

1756 Charles Morton 

• James Empson 

■ Matthew Maty, M.D. 

1765 Rev. Samuel Harper 

1773 Daniel Charles Solander, M.D. 

1776 Joseph Planta 

1782 Rev. Paul Henry Maty 

1787 Edward Whitaker Gray, M.D. 

1799 Rev. Robert Nares . 

1803 Rev. William Beloe . 

1806 Henry Ellis 

1807 Taylor Combe 

George Shaw, M.D. 

Francis Douce 

1 81 2 Rev. Henry Hervey Baber 

1813 Charles Konig 

1826 Edward Hawkins 

1827 Robert Brown 

• Rev. Josiah Forshall 

1836 Henry Josi 

1837 John George Children 
■ Charles Konig 

Antonio Panizzi (Sir A. Panizzi, K.C.B.) 
Sir Frederic Madden, K.H. 

3840 John Edward Gray . 
1845 William Hookham Carpenter 
1851 George Robert Waterhouse (as Keeper 
of Mineralogy, including Geology) . 

1856 John Winter Jones .... 

1857 George Robert Waterhouse 

Mervin Herbert Nevil Story-Maskelyne 

* Mr. Forshall being required to give his whole 
Jan., 1837). 

Department of Manuscripts. 
Natural History Department. 
Library of Printed Books. 
v. J. Empson, deceased. 
v. M. Maty, promoted. 
v. C. Morton, promoted. 
v. D. C. Solander, deceased. 
v. P. H. Maty, deceased. 
v. J. Planta, promoted. 
v. S. Harper, deceased. 
v. W. Beloe, dismissed. 
Promoted to the Department 

of Antiquities. 
v. E. W. Gray, deceased. 
v. R. Nares, retired. 
v. F. Douce, retired. 
v. G. Shaw, deceased. 
v. T. Combe, deceased. 
Appointed to the Banksian 

Botanical Department. 
v. H. Ellis, promoted. 
Appointed Keeper of Prints. 
Appointed Keeper of Zoology. 
Appointed Keeper of Geology, 
Palaeontology, and Miner- 

v. H. H. Baber, retired. 
7'. J. Forshall.* 
v. J. G. Children, retired. 
v. H. Josi, deceased. 

v. C. Konig, deceased. 
v. A. Panizzi, promoted. 
Appointed Keeper of Geology . 
Appointed Keeper of Miner- 

time to his duties as Secretary (Min., 


1859 John Joseph Bennett 
1 86 1 Samuel Birch . 

Charles Thomas Newton (Sir C. T. 
Newton, K.C.B.) 

William Sandys Wright Vaux 

1866 Augustus Wollaston Franks (Sir A. W. 
Franks, K.C.B.) . 

George William Reid 
Thomas Watts . 
Edward Augustus Bond (Sir E. A. 
Bond, K.C.B.) . 

1867 Richard Henry Major 

Charles Rieu . 

1869 William Brenchley Rye 

1870 Reginald Stuart Poole 

1 87 1 William Carruthers . 
1875 Albert Giinther, M.D. 

George Bullen (C.B.) 

1878 Edward Maunde Thompson (Sir 

Thompson, K.C.B., I.S.O.) 
1880 Henry Woodward 
Lazarus Fletcher 

1883 Sidney Colvin 

1886 Alexander Stuart Murray . 

Peter le Page Renouf (Sir ] 


1888 Edward John Long Scott . 
1890 Richard Garnett (C.B.) . 

E. M 

le P 

v. R. Brown, deceased. 

Appointed Keeper of 
Oriental Antiquities 
with British and 
Mediaeval Antiqui- 
ties and Ethno- 
graphy attached. 

Appointed Keeper of 
Greek and Roman 

Appointed Keeper of 
Coins and Medals. > 

Appointed Keeper of British 
and Mediaeval Antiqui- 
ties and Ethnography. 

v. W. H. Carpenter, deceased. 

v. J. W. Jones, promoted. 

v. Sir F. Madden, retired. 

Appointed Keeper of Maps, 
Charts, Plans, and 
Topographical Drawings. 

Appointed Keeper of Oriental 

v. T. Watts, deceased. 

v. W. S. W. Vaux, retired. 

v. J. J. Bennett, retired. 

v. J. E. Gray, retired. 

v. W. B. Rye, retired. 

v. E. A. Bond, promoted. 
v. G. R. Waterhouse, retired. 
v. M. H. N. Story-Maskelyne, 

v. G. W. Reid, retired. 
v. C. T. Newton, retired. 

v. S. Birch, deceased. 

v. E. M. Thompson, promoted. 

v. G. Bullen, retired. 


1892 Robert Kennaway Douglas (Sir R. K. 

Douglas) ..... 

1893 Barclay Vincent Head 

1894 Ernest Alfred Thompson Wallis Budge 

1895 George Robert Milne Murray 

1896 Charles Hercules Read 

1899 George Knottesford Fortescue . 
1 90 1 Arthur Smith Woodward • . 
1904 George Frederic Warner . 

Cecil Harcourt Smith 

1906 Alfred Barton Rendle . 

• Herbert Appold Grueber . 

1908 Lionel David Barnett 

Appointed Keeper of Depart- 
ment of Oriental Printed 
Books and Manuscripts. 

v. R. S. Poole, retired. 

v. P. le Page Renouf, retired. 

v. W. Carruthers, retired. 

v. Sir A. W. Franks, retired. 

v. Richard Garnett, retired. 

v. Henry Woodward, retired. 

v. E. J. L. Scott, retired. 

v. A. S. Murray, deceased. 

v. G. R. M. Murray, retired. 

v. B. V. Head, retired. 

v. Sir R. K. Douglas, retired. 

A ssista nt- Secretary. 
(British Museum.) 

1857 Thomas Butler. 

1878 John Thomas Taylor (I.S.O.) . . v. T. Butler, retired 
1903 Francis Ellis Tucker . . .v. J. T. Taylor, retired. 

A s sis t ant- Secretary. 
(Natural History Departments.) 
1880 Thomas Nichols. 

1889 Charles Edward Fagan . . . v. T. Nichols, retired. 


1867 John Cleave (LS.O,). 

1905 Charles Percy Cooke. . . . v. John Cleave, retired. 

Assistant- Librarians, afterwards Assistant- Keepers. 

1756 Henry Rimius .... Natural History Department. 

Rev. Samuel Harper . . . Library of Printed Books. 

Andrew Gifford, D.D. . . . Department of Manuscripts. 

William Hudson . . . . v. H. Rimius, deceased. 


1758 Rev. Andrew Joseph Planta 
1765 Daniel Charles Solander, M.D. . 

1773 John Obadiah Justamond . 

■ Joseph Planta. .... 

1776 Rev. Paul Henry Maty 

1778 Edward Whitaker Gray, M.D. . 

1782 Rev. Charles Godfrey Woide 

1784 Rev. Richard Southgate 

1787 Rev. Samuel Ayscough 

1791 George Shaw, M.D. .... 

1795 Rev. Robert Nares .... 

1799 Rev. Thomas Maurice 

1803 Taylor Combe .... 

1805 Henry Ellis ..... 

1807 Horace Walpole Bedford . 
Rev. Henry Hervey Baber 

Charles Konig .... 

1808 William Alexander . . . . 

1 81 2 Rev. James Bean . . . . 

1 81 3 William Elford Leach, M.D. 
1 81 6 John George Children 
1822 George Henry Noehden . 
1824 Rev. Josiah Forshall 

1826 Edward Hawkins . . . . 

Rev. Henry Francis Cary . 

Charles Frederick Barnwell 

1828 Frederic Madden (Sir F. Madden, K.H.) 

1837 Rev. William Cureton . . . 

1838 Rev. Richard Garnett 

1844 Samuel Birch ..... 
1850 John Holmes ..... 

John Winter Jones .... 

1854 Edward Augustus Bond (Sir E. A. 

Bond, K.C.B.) .... 

1856 Thomas Watts 

1857 William Brenchley Rye 

1866 Reginald Stuart Poole 

v. W. Hudson, retired. 

v. A. J. Planta, removed to 

the Printed Books. 
v. D. C. Solander, promoted. 
v. A. J. Planta, deceased. 
v. J. Planta, promoted. 
v. J. O. Justamond, dismissed. 
v. P. H. Maty, promoted. 
v. A. GirTord, deceased. 
v. E. W. Gray, promoted. 
v. C. G. Woide, deceased. 
v. R. Southgate, deceased. 
v. R. Nares, promoted. 
v. R. Penneck, deceased. 
v. S. Ayscough, deceased. 
v. T. Combe, promoted. 
v. H. Ellis, promoted. 
v. G. Shaw, promoted. 
v. H. W. Bedford, deceased. 
v. H. H. Baber, promoted. 
v. C. Konig, promoted. 
v. W. Alexander, deceased. 
v. W. E. Leach, retired. 
v. T. Maurice, deceased. 
v. G. H. Noehden, deceased. 
v. J. Bean, deceased. 
v. E. Hawkins, promoted. 
v. J. Forshall, promoted. 
v. F. Madden, promoted. 
v. H. F. Cary, retired. 
v. C. F. Barnwell, retired. 
v. W. Cureton, retired. 
v. R. Garnett, deceased. 

v. J. Holmes, deceased. 

v. J. W. Jones, promoted. 

Appointed Second Assistant- 
Keeper of Printed Books. 

Appointed Assistant-Keeper 
of Coins and Medals. 


1 866 George Bullcn (C.B.) 

1869 William Wright . 

George Robert Gray ... '. .. 

1870 George William Porter 

1 87 1 Eugene Armand Roy 

Edward Maunde Thompson (Sir E. M. 

Thompson, K.C.B., I.S.O.) . 
Barclay Vincent Head 

1872 Albert Giinther, M.D. 
1875 Frederick Smith . 
Richard Garnett (C.B.) . 

1879 Arthur Gardiner Butler 
Edward John Long Scott . 

1880 Robert Kennaway Douglas (Sir R. K. 

Douglas) . 

1 88 1 Robert Etheridge . 

1884 Russell Martineau . 
1888 William Younger Fletcher 

George Frederic Warner . 

1890 George Knottesford Fortescue . 

1892 Charles Hercules Read 
Arthur Smith Woodward . 

1893 Herbert Appold Grueber . . 

1895 Robert Edmund Graves . 
Edgar Albert Smith (I.S.O.) 

Richard Bowdler Sharpe . 

1896 Arthur William Kaye Miller 
■ Cecil Harcourt Smith 

Appointed Second Assistant- 
Keeper of Printed Books. 

v. E. A. Bond, promoted in 

Appointed Assistant-Keeper 
of Zoology. 

Appointed Second Assistant- 
Keeper of Printed Books. 

Appointed Third Assistant- 
Keeper of Printed Books. 

v. W. Wright, retired. 

v. R. S. Poole, promoted. 

v. G. R. Gray, deceased. 

v. A. Giinther, promoted. 

Appointed Third Assistant- 
Keeper of Printed Books. 

v. F. Smith, deceased. 

v. E. M. Thompson, pro- 

Appointed Assistant-Keeper 
of Printed Books (Maps) 
on retirement of R. H. 
Major (Keeper of Maps). 

Appointed Assistant-Keeper 
of Geology. 

v. E. A. Roy, deceased. 

v. G. W. Porter, deceased. 

v. E. J. L. Scott, promoted. 

v. R. Garnett, promoted. 

v. R. K. Douglas, promoted. 

v, R. Etheridge, retired. 

v. B. V. Head, promoted. 

v. W. Y. Fletcher, retired. 

Appointed Assistant-Keeper 
of Zoology. 

Appointed Assistant-Keeper 
of Zoology. 

v. R. Martineau, retired. 

v. C. H. Read, promoted. 


1898 Freeman Marius O'Donoghue 
Frederic George Kenyon . 

1899 William Robert Wilson (I.S.O.) 

1900 George Frederick Barwick 
1902 Francis Arthur Bather 

1904 Arthur Hamilton Smith 
Francis Bridges Bickley 

1905 Charles Owen Waterhouse 

1906 Isaac Herbert Jeayes 
Warwick William Wroth . 

Appointed Assistant-Keeper 
of Prints and Drawings. 

Appointed Assistant-Keeper 
of Manuscripts. 

v. G. K. Fortescue, promoted. 

27. R. E. Graves, retired. 

v. A. S. Woodward, promoted. 

v. C. H. Smith, promoted. 

v. G. F. Warner, promoted. 

v. A. G. Butler, retired. 

v. F. B. Bickley, deceased. 

v. H. A. Grueber, promoted. 

Extra Assistant-Keepers of Departments. 

1805 Horace Walpole Bedford . 

181 6 Antonin Schlichtegroll. 

1 81 6 John Thomas Smith. 

1819 George Henry Noehden 

1822 Philip Bliss ..... 

F. A. Walter 

1 83 1 Antonio Panizzi (Sir A. Panizzi, K.C.B.) 

1833 William Young Ottley 

1836 Henry Josi ..... 

Printed Books. 

v. A. Schlichtegroll, retired. 
v. G. H. Noehden, promoted. 
v. P. Bliss, retired. 
v. F. A. Walter, retired. 
v. J. T. Smith, deceased. 
v. W. Y. Ottley, deceased. 

Keeper, afterwards Superintendent of the Reading Room. 

1758 Peter Templeman, M.D. 

1761-1803 *Rev. Richard Penneck. 

1857 Thomas Watts. 

1866 George Bullen (C.B.). 

1875 Richard Garnett (C.B.). 

1884 George Knottesford Fortescue. 

1896 William Robert Wilson (I.S.O.). 

1900 George Frederick Barwick. 

* The duties of this office were in this year made over to the Assistant-Librarians ; in 
1805 to the Under and Assistant- Librarians ; in 1824 to a Clerk of the Room, under the 
control of the Principal Librarian ; and in 1857 to one of the Assistant-Keepers of the 
Department of Printed Books, with the title of Superintendent of the Reading Room, also 
under the control of the Principal Librarian. The office was for some time held by one 
of the Assistants in the Department of Printed Books. 



Printed Books. 

1756 Matthew Maty, M.D. 

1765 Rev. Samuel Harper. 

1803 Rev. William Beloe. 

1806 Henry Ellis (Sir H. Ellis, K.H.). 
181 2 Rev. Henry Hervey Baber. 

1837 Antonio Panizzi (Sir Anthony Panizzi, K.C.B.). 
1856 John Winter Jones. 

1866 Thomas Watts. 

1869 William Brenchley Rye. 

1875 George Bullen (C.B.). 

1890 Richard Garnett (C.B.). 

1899 George Knottesford Fortescue. 

A ssist ant -Keeper. 

1756 Samuel Harper. 

1765 Rev. Andrew Joseph Planta. 

1773 Joseph Planta. 

1776 Rev. Paul Henry Maty. 

1782 Rev. Charles Godfrey Woide. 

1787 Rev. Samuel Ayscough. 

1805 Henry Ellis (Sir H. Ellis, K.H.). 

1807 Rev. Henry Hervey Baber. 
1 81 2 Rev. James Bean. 

1826 Rev. Henry Francis Cary. 

1838 Rev. Richard Garnett. 
1850 John Winter Jones. 

1856 Thomas Watts. 

1857 William Brenchley Rye. 
1866 George Bullen (C.B.). 


1870 George William Porter. 

1 87 1 Eugene Armand Roy. 
1875 Richard Garnett (C.B.). 

1880 Robert Kennaway Douglas (Sir R. K. Douglas). 

1884 Russell Martineau. 

1888 William Younger Fletcher. 

1890 George Knottesford Fortescue. 

1895 Robert Edmund Graves. 

1896 Arthur William Kaye Miller. 

1899 William Robert Wilson (I.S.O.). 

1900 George Frederick Barwick. 

Maps, Charts, Plans, and Topographical Drawings. 


1867-80 Richard Henry Major. 


1756 Charles Morton, M.D. 

1776 Joseph Planta. 

1799 R ev - Robert Nares. 

1807 Francis Douce. 

1812 Henry Ellis (Sir H. Ellis, K.H.). 

1827 Rev. Josiah Forshall. 

1837 Frederic Madden (Sir F. Madden, K.H.). 

1866 Edward Augustus Bond (Sir E. A. Bond, K.C.B.). 

1878 Edward Maunde Thompson (Sir E. M. Thompson, K.C.B., I.S.O.). 

1888 Edward John Long Scott. 

1904 George Frederic Warner. 

A ssist ant-Keeper. 

1756 Rev. Andrew Gifford, D.D. 
1784 Rev. Richard Southgate. 
1795 Rev. Robert Nares. 
1799 Rev. Thomas Maurice. 
1824 Rev. Josiah Forshall. 

4 6 

1828 Frederic Madden (Sir F. Madden, K.H.). 
1837 Rev. William Cureton. 
1850 John Holmes. 

1854 Edward Augustus Bond (Sir E. A. Bond, K.C.B.). 
1869 William Wright. 

187 1 Edward Maunde Thompson (Sir E. M. Thompson, K.C.B., I.S.O.). 

1879 Edward John Long Scott. 

1888 George Frederic Warner. 

1898 Frederic George Kenyon. 

1904 Francis Bridges Bickley. 

1906 Isaac Herbert Jeayes. 

Oriental Manuscripts, afterwards Oriental Printed 
Books and Manuscripts. 


1867-91 Charles Rieu. 

1892 Robert Kennaway Douglas (Sir R. K. Douglas). 
1908 Lionel David Barnett. 

Prints and Drawings. 

1836 Henry Josi. 

1845 William Hookham Carpenter. 
1866 George William Reid. 
1883 Sidney Colvin. 

A ssista nt- Keeper. 
1898 Freeman Marius O'Donoghue. 


1807 Taylor Combe. 
1826-60 Edward Hawkins. 


A s si stant- Keeper. 

1826 Edward Hawkins. 

Charles Frederick Barnwell. 

1844-61 Samuel Birch. 

The Department of Antiquities was in 1861 subdivided into the three 
Departments of Oriental Antiquities, Greek and Roman Antiquities, and 
Coins and Medals; and in 1866 the British and Mediaeval Antiquities and the 
Ethnographical collections were detached from the Oriental Antiquities to 
form a fourth Department of Antiquities. 

Oriental Antiquities, afterwards Egyptian and Assyrian 



1861 Samuel Birch. 

1886 Peter le Page Renouf (Sir P. le P. Renouf). 
1894 Ernest Alfred Thompson Wallis Budge. 

Greek and Roman Antiquities. 

1861 Charles Thomas Newton (Sir C. T. Newton, K.C.B.). 
1886 Alexander Stuart Murray. 
1904 Cecil Harcourt Smith. 

A ssistant- Keeper. 

1896 Cecil Harcourt Smith. 
1904 Arthur Hamilton Smith. 

Coins and Medals. 


1 86 1 William Sandys Wright Vaux. 
1870 Reginald Stuart Poole. 
1893 Barclay Vincent Head. 
1906 Herbert Appold Grueber. 

4 8 

A ssist ant- Keeper. 

1866 Reginald Stuart Poole. 
1 87 1 Barclay Vincent Head. 
1893 Herbert Appold Grueber. 
1906 Warwick William Wroth. 

British and Medieval Antiquities and Ethnography. 


1866 Augustus Wollaston Franks (Sir A. W. Franks, K.C.B.). 
1896 Charles Hercules Read. 

A ssistant- Keeper. 
1892 Charles Hercules Read. 

Natural History. 

1756 James Empson. 

1765 Matthew Maty, M.D. 

1773 Daniel Charles Solander, M.D. 

1782 Rev. Paul Henry Maty. 

1787 Edward Whitaker Gray, M.D. 

1807 George Shaw, M.D. 

1813 Charles Konig. 

A ssistant-Keeper. 

1756 Henry Rimius. 

William Hudson. 

1758 Rev. Andrew Joseph Planto. 
1765 Daniel Charles Solander, M.D. 
1773 John Obadiah Justamond. 
1778 Edward Whitaker Gray. 
1 791 George Shaw, M.D. 
1807 Charles Konig. 


1813-22 William Elford Leach, M.D. 
1816-37 John George Children. 

In 1837 the Department of Natural History was subdivided into the three 
Departments of Zoology, Geology (including Mineralogy), and Botany. In 
1857 Mineralogy was constituted a separate Department. 


1837 John George Children. 
1840 John Edward Gray. 
1875-95 Albert Gunther, M.D. 

A ssistant-Keeper. 

1869 George Robert Gray. 
1872 Albert Gunther, M.D. 
1875 Frederick Smith. 
1879 Arthur Gardiner Butler. 
1895 Edgar Albert Smith (I.S.O.). 

Richard Bowdler Sharpe. 

1905 Charles Owen Waterhouse. 

Geology and Mineralogy. 

1837 Charles Konig. 

1 85 1 George Robert Waterhouse. 


1857 George Robert Waterhouse. 

1880 Henry Woodward. 

1 90 1 Arthur Smith Woodward. 



A s si slant- Keeper 

1 88 1 Robert Etheridge. 

1892 Arthur Smith Woodward. 

1902 Francis Arthur Bather. 


1857 Mervin Herbert Nevil Story-Maskelyne. 
1880 Lazarus Fletcher. 


1827 Robert Brown. 

1859 John Joseph Bennett. 

1 87 1 William Carruthers. 

1895 George Robert Milne Murray. 

1906 Alfred Barton Rendle.